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Local Satellite Deals for Cheap

ESPN 3D Free to DirecTV HD SubscribersI would like to switch to Satellite in the near future. I think that I can get a better deal that way, but I am not completely sure what sort of deals are available out there. It would be interesting to try to figure out the best deals. I am going to search for local satellite tv providers and I hope to find information that pertains to my current situation.

I am not sure how many channels I want. I know that I want to get a lot of movie channels, because I love to watch movies. However, I am worried about the expense. I was never the type of person to pay extra to get HBO, before, when I had cable. However, it might be worth it, because that station does have a lot of high quality programming, and I believe that they have movie channels as well. I am not completely sure about that, so I wouldn’t quote me on that. But I am reasonably sure that it is the case. Continue reading

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How Various Gadgets Use Sd Cards

sd cardSD cards are tiny cards not much bigger than a stamp, and it’s amazing to think that they can hold 64GB and more. A 64GB SD card for instance can hold several feature length films, hours worth of music, thousands of novels, photos and videos of your friends and family and then easily fit into your top pocket, or something much smaller.

It’s no surprise then that so many gadgets support the use of a 64GB SD card in order to expand the amount of memory they have available for the user to store files and there are indeed many many devices that do.

Here we will look at a whole bunch of different devices you might have around your home, what they are, and how they utilise SD cards.

Computers: Almost any computer (as long as it’s not a Mac) can use a 64GB SD card and even a Mac can make use of one using a USB card reader. There are many uses for this, for instance transferring files between computers, or between computers and the other devices on this list. Alternatively it might be used to carry information long distances, or to back it up.

MP3 Players: A lot of MP3 players work by storing their files on an SD card. With a 64GB SD card you could likely fit your entire collection of music CDs onto your MP3 player and take it with you wherever you wanted to go and this is a great way to enjoy your collection on the go. If you happen to be a real music junkie and that’s not enough for you, you could carry several 64GB SD cards with you with various different play-lists on them.

Cameras: Again, like some MP3 players, many cameras in fact have no internal memory at all. This then means they rely on an SD card to work at all, and of course the larger the SD card the more photos you will be able to take. If the camera has a very high megapixel (resolution) this then means that you will need an SD card with a lot of space in order to store all of the pictures.

Smart Phones: Smart phones make use of an SD card in a more interactive way than something like a camera. These do not simply access the SD card in order to save photographs or listen to music, but actually to access files that they are working with. For instance then using a smart phone you can save vital files on from your software and it will then be necessary for the SD card to be inserted in order for those programmes to run. On top of this, as many smart phones have camera and MP3 player functions, this then means that the phones use the SD cards to store music files and MP3s. This makes a smart phone a lot more ‘smart’ and means that you can get a lot more out of it. Bear in mind though that many phones will require a smaller ‘micro SD card’ such as a 32GB Micro SDHC.

Utah Tech Jobs Gaining In Popularity

Utah has become a favorite place for outdoor hobbies that includes mountain biking (the Moab mountain is often a in style destination for mountain biking enthusiasts), hiking, camping, company outings, boating and and several others. The states natural atmosphere has been preserved for hundreds of years and has become the most in style and visited spot for nature fun and entertainment. Without a doubt, Utah may be a place of picturesque beauty as well as diversity.

Despite Utah’s wealth of natural resources it’s furthermore evolved into a hub of recent technological advancements and improvement. Hi-tech products has been in Utah’s historical past since Mormon travelers arrived. The wagon wheel odometer was after all created by these Mormon travelers which enabled them to trace the amount of miles that they traveled. Since that time Utah tech jobs have been readily obtainable to the state’s residents.
A number of the various innovators in the world of technology started off and were educated in Utah. Two very good samples of this include the creators of Silicon Graphics and even Adobe Systems. The person driving the 2 time Academy Award winning company, Pixar conjointly visited faculty at the University of Utah. One other outstanding person who received their start at the University of Utah was the creator of the gaming console Atari. This is solely a few the corporations and people that started off their careers within the state of Utah.

Nowadays, Utah tech jobs thrive simply as a result of several of the key players within the technology industry are headquartered in Utah. Take as an example pc giant Novell; its famous application, WordPerfect has its home workplace in Utah. Don’t forget the electronics peripheral manufacturer, Iomega which additionally is headquartered in Utah. Examples of those are just many of the numerous technological companies founded during this scenic US state.
Salt Lake City, in an exceedingly recent survey done by the business publication Forbes, has been rated as the most effective town when considering job offers inside the United States. Seventy-9 sizeable IT organizations have their home workplace in Utah. Nearly seventy,000 people are holding positions throughout these corporations and also the pay in Utah is a lot of additional rewarding as compared to nearly each different city within the United States, of course it is almost sixty p.c more than most.

No matter the downward trend in business throughout the globe, an astounding sixty-3 percent growth was achieved this year alone. It just proves that employment opportunities, notably Utah tech jobs are experiencing growth within the technology category. The persistence in business development and growth is usually attributed to Utah’s excellent engineers, a diversified hands whose skill-sets rise above mere technical know-how, and a considerable share of individuals who acquire a degree.
On account of those qualities Utah tech jobs are readily obtainable because the increasing range of technical advancements within the area. Individuals in Utah have been known to possess inherent professional values. Establishing a knowledge center facility in Utah will be comparatively more cost effective than different areas. These are some of Utah’s workforce’s distinctive skills that build them successful in the tech world.

Understanding that technology is that the wave of the longer term and that it is the pillar of a growing economy, the Utah native government is sometimes very supportive of this industry. You can realize programs at intervals the state that promote the technology industry like Utah Funds of Funds, that is only one example of the steps taken to support this industry.

The Difference Between National And Local Isps

When looking for a new internet provider, you may find you have two kinds of choices: national and local. There are different benefits for each, and choosing internet service providers in Los Angeles when you live in Southern California may offer you different options than if you went with a national company whose ad you may have seen on TV.

The Advantages Of National Providers
National ISPs can offer more advantages than a local ISP, the first being cost. Because national providers have a wide advertising reach, they can reach more potential customers with package prices that are as good or better than local companies. This is because of their high customer numbers, which bring internet costs down for all. Most national ISPs are also able to offer special incentives to those who choose to enter into a term agreement.

National providers can also offer more convenience in the event that you move frequently or are soon planning to relocate. With a national provider, you need only log in to your account to change your address and schedule your new hook up. This can save you both time and money, as it only takes seconds to change your information, and you won’t have to pay any deposits on your new connection.

Local providers may not be able to accommodate you even if you relocate within the same area because of their smaller reach.
The Benefits Of Local Providers
Customer service is one area where local providers excel. As community members, they will be more focused on your needs.

But personal service isn’t really much in demand when it comes to ISPs, as getting the service only involves this kind of interaction during ordering, installation and tech support. Otherwise, most ISPs will connect you and then bill you. So the personal service you may receive from a local internet company may be desirable, but could also end up costing you more.

If choosing a local provider, conducting an internet search for your area should reveal what’s available. If not, then a national search may be of more benefit.

Ways to Use Facebook for Your Golf Course Marketing

In todays high-tech, instant access world, a Facebook page is a must for any effective golf advertising campaign. Simply putting up just any kind of page is not going to cut it though; in order to make this aspect of your golf course marketing strategy instrumental in attracting new members and increased revenue to your golf course or private club, you need to put some extra time and effort into building a page that works. Here are 32 ways to enhance your golf course or clubs Facebook page and make this aspect of your golf advertising efforts more effective than ever before:


1.Make your Facebook account a business one, not a personal one.

2.Apprise yourself of the rules and terms of having a business account on Facebook and follow them to the tee (pun intended).

3.Complete every detail of your profile in order to establish trust and transparency.

4.Enhance your golf course marketing results by including information about your newsletter in your profile including archives and subscription details.

5.Separate friend and work relationships through separate accounts or profile settings.

6.Use applications and feeds to integrate your Facebook and other social media accounts such as Twitter.

7.Maximize privacy and professionalism by using the settings feature to hide any personal information.

8.Hide any personal pictures from business contacts using settings capabilities.

9.Use professional looking pictures of yourself on your profile to build trust and enhance your branding.


10.Use a vanity url to help users find you on Facebook.

11.Include your Facebook url in your email signature and any other golf advertising materials.

12.Do your research on potential leads before making connections on Facebook.

13.Use Facebook contact information to help you plan your meetings and trips.

14.To set up Facebook Friend Finder, upload your email contacts to your Facebook account .

15.Make use of Friend Finder to expand your golf advertising network.

16.Post business-related news on your Wall such as business-to-business activities.

17.Link articles and videos to your course and clubs Facebook page to engage your visitors and promote credibility.

18.Link posts from Twitter to Facebook and vice versa to maximize your virtual golf course marketing campaign.

19.Purchase Facebook advertisements that appeal to your target audience.

20.Suggest friends to your fans to enhance credibility.

21.Add even more social networking capabilities to your online golf advertising campaign through the use of Facebook Connect.

22.Peruse your clients friend lists to find mutual friends.

23.Locate golf experts on Facebook and message them to extend invitations as guest speakers or bloggers.

24.Post survey results as interest grabbers and as a way to establish your course or club as an authority.

What A Recumbent Stationary Bike Has To Offer

If you are planning to buy a stationary bike for your home gym, remember that there are two types of exercise bikes: Upright bikes and recumbent bikes. Upright bikes are those that look more like a regular bicycle without the wheels. A recumbent stationary bike, on the other hand, features a reclined position that some users claim to offer more comfort and relaxation to the body. Here we will discuss what recumbent bikes have to offer for your workout routine.

This equipment is called a recumbent bike precisely because it puts the user into a recumbent position while exercising. Upright bikes mimic the physical position that you adopt when riding a traditional bicycle, sitting up straight above the pedals with your hands holding on to the handlebars in front of you. On a recumbent bike, however, you will be sitting behind the pedals and at a much lower level than on a typical bike. The handlebars on a recumbent bike are usually located on each side of the seat.

The reason why some people prefer the recumbent stationary bike over an upright bike is that the design changes your body’s angles while you ride. Many users also feel that recumbent bikes provide workouts of the same or similar intensity levels as uprights, but are a lot less stressful on the body. A recumbent bike is ideal for people with lower back problems as well as those with less core strength, such as beginners. Because of the general perception that recumbent bikes provide a lot more comfort and relaxation than uprights, it has become very popular for home use. However, if you want to simulate hill climbing or bike racing on your stationary bike, remember that this can only be done on an upright bike.

Even when you have decided to buy a recumbent exercise bike as opposed to an upright, there is still a wide variety of models for you to choose from. Some bikes are very traditional, providing nothing more than the seat and pedals in a recumbent design. More modern designs include such features as programmable resistance settings, heart rate monitors and computer displays. Due to its seat position, a recumbent bike tends to be longer than an upright, so you can expect it to take up more space in your house. This may be a significant factor, especially if you live in a cramped apartment.

The advantages of using a recumbent stationary bike versus an upright bike are a bit controversial and inconclusive. Suffice it to say that upright bikes are advisable for regular cyclists who need to match their in-house workouts to their usual road-riding style in order to gain maximum benefit, and recumbent bikes may be adequate for those who simply want to get a good workout in the comfort of their own home. Whichever type of stationary bike you choose, be sure to adjust the seat height and handlebar distance to the appropriate settings so as to avoid injury or unnecessary strain. Getting the settings right is essential for an effective and pain-free workout.

The Idea To Serve You With Best Remote Pc Repair

Pc Support Care Today is the best technical support provider which deals with your problems instantly without any stop as well as it provides Remote repair and serves your Pc and Laptop so that it perform well and efficiently. As we have learnt the various section and segment of technology and creativity, viewers and consumers all around the world hunt for most excellent tough equipment that could easy handle the situation of your life and make you life burden free and lead you to a simple standard of living without any tension and worry so that performance in your work be fast and furious.
If you scrutinize the value and worth of machinery and equipment you may find that many uncountable people and viewers require something extra expert skill in order to perform their work in an efficient manner to make their work and life simple and easy. Well, as the technology is developing and improving is natural status Computer would be the best solution to your entire question. As it is makes your professional and personal life smooth and straightforward. As computer becomes a part of your life and work it has to be taken care in an appropriate manner. Well, I am talking about PC Support Care Today the Idea to Serve You with Best Remote Pc Repair. If you look into the beneficial aspect you would be grateful to them for the concern and services.
Pc Support Care Today provide Software support assistance
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The Tech In Noise Reduction Headphones And Which To Buy

Noise reduction headphones, also known as noise cancelling headphones, have on sale in shops for about 10 years now. Utilizing modern technology used in aircraft by airplane and helicopter pilots, noise cancelling headphones can not only reduce surrounding noise but can almost eliminate it altogether from what the wearer of the headphones hears, enabling them to hear their audio books, music and podcasts and watch videos in peace.


Noise reduction technology utilizes a small mic contained in the headphones that picks up outside ambient sound. The microphone then tells the headphones to include a pitch to cover that of the pitch surrounding the headphones wearer. When a sound frequency is exactly the reverse of surroduning noise, or polarized, the two pitches collide and block each other out, hence noise canceling headphones.


If you have ever tried listening to headphones when commuting to work or on a plane, you’ll know how intrusive the exterior sounds can be. When you find it difficult to hear your music , the normal reaction is to push up the volume level, which isn’t good for your ears or the sound quality.

But if you don’t turn up the volume, you have to put with not being able to listen to your music and just have a boring journey ahead of you. Lots of passengers wish to be able to hear their music at a reasonable volume, leading to the rapid rise in popularity of noise reducing headphones

There are many situations when noise cancelling technology is beneficial. This includes on planes to block out jet engine noise, to avoid the noise created by other family members at home and so you dont have to listen to the conversations of fellow commuters. Another great thing about noise reduction headphones is that the sound reduction works in two ways. Not only is it a benefit to the owner of the headphones but it also insulates the sound from irritating others sat close by, this enables both the surrounding passengers and the headphones wearer to enjoy their journey in tranquility.


Bose Quiet Comfort Headphones – Bose provides some of the most reputable noise reducing headphones you can buy. You will frequently see these headphones being worn on planes and on trains by long distance travellers. They have excellent noise cancelling technology for getting rid of the sound of aircraft engines and the sound created by other passengers. These headphones are also excellent for listening to classical, jazz and other kinds of music that lives in the mid-range.

Panasonic RP-HC700 Noise Cancelling Headphones – The Panasonic RP-HC700 headphones are very comfy to wear for long periods and they also have superb noise reduction abilities. They are supplied with a sturdy carry case and a detachable 3.5mm audio cable (to make it possible for them to be used solely as a noise reducing headset without music) and a small jack plug adapter for use on a plane. The style is a tiny retro but still smart and the blue LED on light is refined.

Sennheiser MM550-X Travel Wireless Bluetooth Headphones – These wireless headphones can be paired up with an iPhone, to produce great, interference free music. Your bluetooth device can be controlled from the headphones, with a few user-friendly controls on the right-hand earcup. There are various sound modes to listen to music with, including CD quality sound, aptX and SRS WOW HD for bigger bass and wider sound stage. Being over the ear in design, these headphones reduce quite a bit of sound on their own, but with the Noiseguard noise reducing technology turned on you can relax in your own private world of music.

AKG K495 Premium Active Noise Cancelling Headphones – Along with Sennheiser, AKG is one of the most respectable headphones brands. When fully charged they can last up to thirty-four hours at a reasonable volume. What’s also special about the AKG K495 Premium Active Noise Cancelling Headphones is that they dont need to be switched on to cancel out the exterior noise. They sound amazing! The full range appears detailed and smooth and gives both precise mids and highs, and the bass is crisp and punchy.

So if you spend a lot of time on trains or planes and want to listen to your music in peace, look for reviews of these noise reduction headphones to suit your price range and lifestyle.

Tips And Tricks To Remember While Updating Toshiba Portege Laptop Drivers

Laptop drivers are the computer programs that help software to interact with hardware components of your laptop. They play a crucial role in letting your laptop run smoothly without any technical issues. Toshiba Portg laptops have a highly researched and compact design accompanied with many hardware and software components. Thus they also require laptop drivers to work in the desired manner.

Experts recommend updating laptop drivers after every three-six months so that your laptop functions well in terms of speed and performance. An outdated driver causes issues to affect the health of your laptop. It can be software errors, corrupt files, non responsive laptop and other technical glitches. You can avoid such issues by keeping drivers updated both manually as well as automatically.

Updating your laptop’s driver manually is a tricky task that involves multiple steps. Considering the technical aspects of this task the best way is to call a computer support service provider. The computer support technicians are certified and experienced to update laptop drivers in an easy and convenient manner.

If you are an advanced PC user and well familiar with the software and hardware components of your Toshiba Portg laptop, then by following the below mentioned tips you can manually update the laptop driver.

Before updating your Toshiba Portg laptop driver you need to find out the driver that is compatible with the model and brand of your laptop. Although, many websites claim to offer the right driver for your Toshiba Portg laptop but you need to ensure whether the driver is compatible with your system or not

For doing this follow the below mentioned steps:

Locate the Device manager on your laptop
Click on the Properties menu
Now locate the Driver tab
Fill in the space with the driver’s name and version number of your laptop
Now select update driver.

Thus you can update your laptop driver. However, this does not imply that you will get the most updated driver for your laptop. If you still find your laptop driver not updated then you can further search online with the help of version and model number of your laptop. Once you find the right driver you can download and install it on your Toshiba Portg.

Once you complete the installation of the driver you need to open the Device Manager again. You need to repeat the same process which you did for updating the previous driver. Your laptop contains many other drivers as well. Therefore it will take a long time for installing all the drivers. You should also be ready to face error messages or failures that are expected to appear during installation.

Manual updation of laptop drivers has its own problems and poses a certain amount of risk to your Toshiba Portg laptop. To avoid such risks, you can opt for automatic update of drivers that is considered better than the manual process. Automatic updates are carried out by robots that locate all outdated drivers by scanning your Toshiba Portg laptop. These robots are customized to automatically update your Toshiba Portg laptop. They first select all the outdated drivers on your laptop then download and install the drivers that are updated and compatible to your laptop.

Consulting a professional computer support service provider is required if you are not able to update the drivers yourself. You save huge amount of time by calling a technician offering online tech support because they are available 24x7x365 irrespective of weekends and holidays. You get your Toshiba laptop drivers updated instantly without any risk to your system.

Samsung Galaxy Tab Cases To Protect Your Tablet

Handheld tablets running on mobile operating systems have revolutionized the gadget market as everyone wants to be a part of the group embracing this new technology. Once you have purchased your device, it is extremely important to get the right Samsung Galaxy Tab Case for comfort and protection. By purchasing a cover that has been designed to keep your product in pristine condition, you will ensure that your tablet lasts for a longer period of time.

Touch screen devices rely solely upon your gestures and finger movements to perform different actions. As long as the screen is responsive, you will get your task done to perfection. However, if scratches and or cracks start to form, it will reduce the ability of the touch screen to recognize instructions. To prevent this from happening, it is smart idea to always have one of the many Samsung Galaxy Tab Cases installed on your tablet. There are lots of different types of covers available that can will provide your device the protection it needs while still catering to your personal sense of style. Choosing a cover really just boils down to a matter of preference.

The covers and skins are easily slipped on over your device to protect it from moisture, scratches and dust particles. This keeps the integrity of screen intact so that it stays responsive forever. One of the most popular choices among consumers is the Samsung Galaxy Tab Silicone Case which is designed to protect your tablet at all times. These are soft jelly based skins that fit perfectly with your device and give it the comfort and protection that is required to ensure longevity and ease of use. The cutouts are precisely molded so that you get access to all the buttons and ports with a single touch. This way, you can use all the basic functions of your Samsung Galaxy Tab without even taking it out of its soft protective cover.

These silicone based skins have been heat treated to provide the proper grip and tactile feel in your hands. They are extremely durable and hypoallergenic. Furthermore, each skin is available in a variety of colors which is sure to appeal to your sense of individuality and style. If you prefer a different type of cover, Samsung Galaxy Neoprene Cases are another great way to protect your tablet. These slip on covers have soft and durable neoprene padding that acts as a shock absorber against any kinds of damages and accidents to your tablet.

If you carry around a lot of accessories with you wherever you go, the slip on pouches also have the option of an outer packet to put all your extra stuff in safe storage. The interior of the cover is lined with Microfiber making sure that your device retains its delicate sensitivity while offering a soft cushioned feel. Once again these covers come in a variety of colors to suit your personal preferences.

In addition to getting a cover, many people opt for a Samsung Galaxy Tab Screen Protector which adds additional protection to your tablet screen. The display is very sensitive and it is wise to do everything you can to ensure that it is always protected. These soft film coatings which you can apply over your screen can eliminate the problem of scratches and cracks as well as provide a more finished look to your device. The embedded anti glare technology helps you work with your tablet outdoors and in bright light without any hassles. While the anti gloss coating used to treat the protector provides a stronger feel on an overall basis. These covers are extremely durable and can protect the screen from all sorts of scratches and damages. Samsung Galaxy Tab Screen Protectors are a great way to protect your tablet.

Predator Calling Basics – Gear And Equipment

This article will deal with the type of gear and equipment you will need to begin hunting the hunters. Predator hunting is a relatively cheap sport to get started in but like anything else, the sky is the limit on what a guy could spend. There are a few high tech digital callers out there that are darn near $1,000, but dont let that scare you off because if you already have a decent rifle and some type of old camouflage you can pick up a decent closed reed mouth call for around $10 to $20 and your are ready to start calling

What Gear Do I Need?
Most predator hunters are the rugged individual types and feel strongly about the methods and gear they use. This is perhaps the most contentious topic you can discuss among predator hunters….If you ask 10 callers what is the best caliber rifle for coyotes you are likely to get at least 9 different answers.
The following is my take on what every predator hunter will need to be successful in the field as well as what types of equipment, in my opinion, are best and what options are available for the various predator hunting gear I will be discussing. This is not a comprehensive accounting of every type of call, rifle, knife available but rather I will give you the basics and try to cover the important differences so you can make informed decisions.

The Rules
The very first thing you need to do is to review and understand your state and local hunting regulations related to predator hunting and calling. The second step is to make sure you are in compliance….it would be a real bummer to get fined, loose your hunting rights or have your firearm confiscated which some states do for even minor violations.
You also want to know the area you are considering for your calling ventures and be aware of any special hunting laws or restrictions. Is the land private, county, national park or forest, protected? This is very important for the same reasons above.

If the land is private or you suspect it is then you will need to get explicit permission from the owner or representatives. Depending on the area you live in, some land owners would welcome a depletion of the coyote populations but they are also concerned about the safety of their livestock and property so you will need to present yourself as a responsible sportsman. There are some callers that have business cards or flyers that explain the benefits of their services with contact info so the owner knows how to reach them if there was ever a problem.

The Equipment
I will break this section up into categories to make it easier to reference but as I stated above this is not going to cover every single possibility but rather what I feel are the best options for the various calling scenarios.

This section covers the type of products and gear that we will need to insure we are not detected was we get to our calling locations. The most obvious item is clothing and this is one of those areas that almost every hunter disagrees on but I will give you my take on the important stuff.

Before I go any further I want you to know where I am coming from on this topic. I am of the opinion that a lot of the real fancy high priced camouflage clothing is unnecessary. How we (humans) perceive camouflage patterns is very different than how coyotes see it. I wont get very technical here but coyotes see the world very differently than we do and patterns and colors that seem very effective to us may actually work against our efforts to not be seen by predators. Bottom line is you want to have clothing that has neutral matte earth tones and be made with a high percentage of cotton with no treatments like water proofing, etc. Some fabric treatments leave a shine on the clothing which is not food and will stand out in the eyes of the coyotes. If you real want to get fancy you can purchase special detergents designed for hunting cloths that dont leave any scents or shine on the fabric…I have never used these products but it makes sense and Im sure it may give you a little more of an edge.

Dont get me wrong, most of the high end, and even some of the economy camouflage available works just fine and will not be any kind of disadvantage I just think this is the area that we need to focus on our spend a big percentage of our hunting budget. Just pick up something that will cover all of your exposed skin and meet the criteria above. Gloves and a face covering are a must. I like the loose fitting thin mesh masks that have mouth and eye openings. I see more and more adds for military style ghillie suites and one of my hunting buddies wears a ghillie head covering and I have to say it really makes you disappear but again I doubt it gives you that much of an advantage.

In summary just make sure you are not wearing anything that will stand out as unnatural and use natural cover and shadows to conceal and breakup your outline.

Everyone has an opinion on this one as well but in reality just about any center fire caliber will work on predators and it comes down accuracy over distance and whether or not you want to preserve the pelts.

If you are hunting in thick cover with very little long range visibility then you will want to consider a scatter gun. I use a camouflaged 20-gauge Winchester Model 1200 with a 22 barrel and #3 shot or bigger for close in action out to 25 or 30 yards. Some companies like Hevi-Shot make shotgun ammunition specifically designed for predator hunting, and I have heard of guys taking coyotes out to 50 yards or so but that would be pushing it in my opinion. Another advantage for shotguns, if you live in California like I do, is that there is a lot of non-lead options available in the heavier shot sizes, but mostly in 12 gauge.

Shotguns would not be my first choice when taking animals for fur. It doesnt tear up the pelts as bad as some hyper fast fragmenting rounds but it gives you a lot more holes to try and hide.

Rim fire ammunition is generally thought to be under powered for coyotes and I would agree that you dont want to use .22 LR on coyote size animals but I have had very good experiences using the .17 HMR on coyotes. This is a very fast and flat shooting round that takes them down with ease, however, I would not recommend this round for novice hunters as shot placement is critical to making a clean kill. While the .17 HMR is very fast and accurate it doesnt carry its minimal energy very far down range so I keep my shots well under 100 yards and start thinking twice about any shots beyond 75 yards. The benefits are almost no recoil, very pleasant report, non-existent pelt damage.

For center fire calibers you have lots of choices in the varmint class and light deer calibers but I believe the two most common are the .223 Remington and the 22-250 for a little more performance. With the 22-250, unless you are trying to reach out to 400 yards or so I would go with a heavier bullet at lower velocities. These rounds are real screamers and some of the higher velocity light soft nose bullets tend to explode on contact without fully penetrating. The .223 is a good all around performer and the ammo is very reasonable and available everywhere.

As for calibers above .223 you start to get into real over kill. I do take my 25-06 once in a while if I think we will get some real long shots but this round just devastates the pelts (big exit holes!).
You can also use handguns for some extra challenge but this is more for fun than practical. I have taken a few with my trusty three-screw Ruger Blackhawk .357 and I have to say it is a real thrill but I miss more than I hit.

No matter what type of call(s) you choose, you will be using a few basic prey sounds when going after predators. The idea is to sound like an injured or distressed prey animal which will entice the predator in for, what they believe is an easy meal. There are other sounds that can be used primarily on coyotes which mimic their vocalizations to try and fool them into thinking that there is either an intruder in their territory or get them to respond letting you know they are in the area. I dont have a lot of experience with using vocalizations with coyotes so Im not going to discuss this much in my series.

The top prey sound by far is the injured rabbit sound which is a scream or cry they make when hurt or under stress. Interestingly this is the only time rabbits make any sounds at all. These come in two basic varieties, the cottontail and jack rabbit. The cottontail is softer and less raspy with a higher pitch while the jack rabbit is a bit louder and more gravelly. The do sound pretty different but have the same sort of cadence.

Other popular prey sounds include birds (woodpecker is a good one) rodents, house cats, fox or coyote pups, chickens, piglets, lambs, and anything else the predators might prey on. For electronic calls, you can purchase recordings of real animal distress sounds but Im not convinced that these are necessarily more effective then artificial sounds made with mouth calls. I have done a little non-scientific testing with mouth calls to see what coyotes will respond to. My conclusion is if you are making a sound that has a pitch and duration of the prey sounds they will come in, perhaps just out of curiosity but the point is you dont have to do a perfect recreation of the prey animal sounds to get them to come in…but it doesnt hurt to constantly improve and refine your call technique.

You have one big decision to make here….electronic or manual (mouth blown or pump). For brand new predator hunters I recommend going the electronic route at first then if you find this is a sport you really are passionate about then begin learning to use mouth calls. The reason I say this is that you can forgo the trial and error period when first starting out with mouth calls and getting discouraged before you start having any real success. Also, it removes a variable (making the right sounds) when you are trying to troubleshoot if you arent having success.

There are a lot of choices out there for electronic calls ranging from home made and relatively cheap to the very high end Foxpro models that could set you back near a $1,000.

For most of my calling career I used mouth calls but a few years back I decided to try my hand with the electronic calls. I didnt want to spend a lot of money so my first unit was a home made contraption using a music MP3 player, an amplifier and loud speaker. There are many free downloadable calling sounds out there ranging from great to crappy….if you use sounds downloaded from the internet you want to make sure they are clean and dont have a lot of background noise, and sound natural.

If you dont want to build your own, I would suggest a lower end model that has the ability to add and play your own sounds. One model that I like a lot is the Mighty MP3 by Expedite. This is a very versatile unit that comes with 16 or so pre-programmed calling sounds and a SD card slot to add your own MP3 calls. You can pick these up for around $80 and are well worth the money. Most calls in this price range dont allow you to use your own sounds plus the sound quality is excellent. When you move up from here you start to get into wireless features which are great because you can locate the speaker up to 50 yards from your calling location to focus their attention away from the spot where you are sitting allowing you a little more freedom to move around a bit when you are raising your rifle to get a shot.

The important features in an electronic call are sound quality which you are not going to find in sub $70 units because of the cost of the components needed to produce loud crisp sound quality, quality and variety of call sounds, ability to load and play your own sounds, large display screen that is not effected by sunlight or glare, and well placed large buttons that can be found and operated by feel with gloved fingers. Wireless features allowing the ability to place the speaker a distance away from the stand are a big plus but not essential. The loudness of the unit is not real critical but you do need the ability to get the sounds out there when calling in open areas and on windy days. I dont know what the decibel level cut off is but typically the units costs is proportional to the wattage output and distortion filters at high volume…so, I guess like everything else, you get what you pay for. I will cover electronic call technique in later chapters.

Mouth calls come in two basic types, open reed and closed reed. This distinction has to do with the thin metal or plastic reed component that vibrates when air is passed around it. The open reed type of call has the reed enclosed within the body of the call and requires the user to just blow through one end of the call. These open reed calls are easier for the beginner to start with because they are somewhat tuned for the pitch of the intended sound and only requires the user to vary the volume and pressure of air into the call to get the desired sounds. If you are new to the sport and end up using an electronic call to start, I still recommend getting a couple of closed reed calls, like the Quaker Boy Screamin Cottontail, to practice with. To keep in practice I blow the call in my truck on the way to stand locations. Once you get to a point where you can produce believable call sounds with the mouth call you will want to start using it because calling in predators with mouth calls is much more rewarding because it is directly related to your skill and techniques.

The open reed is much more difficult to master but the upside is they are capable of producing much greater range and variety of sounds. The open reed is just what it sounds like, the reed component is exposed on top of a tapered half barrel and is placed in the mouth where you vary the pitch by applying pressure at points along the reed with either your teeth or lips. The length of the reed end beyond the pinch point dictates the pitch of the sound. As I said these take a lot more practice and I dont recommend them for beginners.

There are other reed type calls that are operated by squeezing or pumping. Most of these are mouse or rodent squeakers and are used after you have called in predator but they require a little coaxing to bring them within range.
Again, I will cover the actual call operations and techniques in later chapters.

Decoys are starting to get more popular with predator callers. A number of companies are offering decoys designed specifically for predator hunting like Edge by Expedite. Most of these resemble rabbits or birds but there are also decoys of full size coyotes and foxes, some with motion and others are just static.

I have just recently started using a motion decoy , the Quiver Critter, and its too early for me to say how effective decoys are but I have read where a number of callers are having real good luck with them.

Skinning Equipment
If you are going to sell or keep the pelts you will need to carry skinning gear at least in your truck. Skinning knifes are somewhat of a personal preference although I recommend knives specifically designed for skinning rather than just any old hunting knife. Skinning knives have deferent steel and blade configuration. The blade material is typically softer steel allowing you to quickly clean up the edge and keep it razor sharp in the field. I also carry a folding razor knife like the Gerber Blades EAB. These are handy because when they get dull you can just flip the blade over or put a new one in. You have to be real careful when skinning with one of these because the blades are just a straight edge and very sharp so it is difficult to do intricate cuts without cutting through the pelts.

You will also need to carry a length of rope or cable to hang the coyote to make pulling the skin easier once the rear leg area is cut and pulled away. Gloves are a must as well, fish filleting or mechanic gloves work well but you may also want to wear medical grade rubber gloves underneath to prevent transfer of disease which is a possibility. Keep a couple gallons of water on hand to wash up afterwards.

I will post a tutorial on skinning at some point but there are a few out there already if you need instruction on how to do this.

When Im out calling I rarely travel more than a few hundred yards from my truck so I dont carry any water or survival gear to the stand by I do in my truck. Even if you only plan to be out for a few hours its a good idea to have some basic first aid supplies, water, warm clothes, matches, granola bars, etc. in the event something happens and may be there overnight.
You will want some type of bag or backpack to carry your gear in. I use a little camouflage range bag with a shoulder strap to carry my calls, decoys, etc. to the stands. If you hunt in areas with little or low cover you may want to buy a section of camouflage material (burlap or other cloth) to drape over you for additional concealment.

Buy a couple of good lanyards for your mouth calls to keep them handily around your neck. Whether or not Im using an electronic call I still carry my mouth calls on a lanyard with a long range, short range, and a squeaker call just in case I need to change it up.

Ok, well that’s the basics for the types of gear needed to start coyote calling. If you want more detailed articles on predator hunting please visit our website () and look for our article section.

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